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JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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Java 8 Method References


Java 8 introduced a new feature called "Method Reference". It is used to refer methods of functional interfaces. They are effectively a subset of lambda expressions, because if a lambda expression can be used, then it might be possible to use a method reference, but not always.

Here is the list of types of Method references and its syntax.

Kind Syntax Example
Reference to a static method Class::staticMethodName String::valueOf
Reference to an instance method object::instanceMethodName x::toString
Reference to a constructor ClassName::new String::new

And here is the way to represent Lambda expression and Method references:

Kind As Method Reference As Lambda
Reference to a static method String::valueOf (s) -> String.valueOf(s)
Reference to an instance method x::toString () -> "java2novice".toString()
Reference to a constructor String::new () -> new String()

We have given examples for each type of method reference here:

Java-8 Method References Examples

  1. Method Reference - Reference to a Static Method example.
  2. Method Reference - Reference to a Instance Method example.
  3. Method Reference - Reference to a Constructor example.
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What is fail-fast in java?
A fail-fast system is nothing but immediately report any failure that is likely to lead to failure. When a problem occurs, a fail-fast system fails immediately. In Java, we can find this behavior with iterators. Incase, you have called iterator on a collection object, and another thread tries to modify the collection object, then concurrent modification exception will be thrown. This is called fail-fast.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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