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What is Retention policy in java annotations?


Description:

  • A retention policy determines at what point annotation should be discarded.
  • Java defined 3 types of retention policies through java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy enumeration. It has SOURCE, CLASS and RUNTIME.
  • Annotation with retention policy SOURCE will be retained only with source code, and discarded during compile time.
  • Annotation with retention policy CLASS will be retained till compiling the code, and discarded during runtime.
  • Annotation with retention policy RUNTIME will be available to the JVM through runtime.
  • The retention policy will be specified by using java built-in annotation @Retention, and we have to pass the retention policy type.
  • The default retention policy type is CLASS.


Code:
package com.java2novice.annotations;

import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
public @interface MySampleAnn {

	String name();
	String desc();
}

class MyAnnTest{
	
	@MySampleAnn(name = "test1", desc = "testing annotations")
	public void myTestMethod(){
		//method implementation
	}
}
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Knowledge Centre
Difference between Enumeration and Iterator
The functionality of Enumeration and the Iterator are same. You can get remove() from Iterator to remove an element, while while Enumeration does not have remove() method. Using Enumeration you can only traverse and fetch the objects, where as using Iterator we can also add and remove the objects. So Iterator can be useful if you want to manipulate the list and Enumeration is for read-only access.
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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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