JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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Java One Dimensional Arrays

One dimensional array is a list of same typed variables. To create an array, first you must declare an array variable of required type, the syntax is given below:

type variable-name[];

Example:

int account_numbers[];

To allocate memory or create array object the syntax is given below:

variable-name = new type[size of the array];

Example:

account_numbers = new int[10];

You must specify the size of the array during creating object.

After this statement, account_numbers will refer to 10 integers, and assigned to 0. You can access any element by index, array index starts with 0 and ends with (array length-1). We can assign array values as given below:

account_numbers[0] = 1016;
account_numbers[1] = 449;
account_numbers[2] = 1015;

The below line displays the value stored at index 1.

System.out.println(account_numbers[1]);

We can combine declaration of an array with allocation of array as given below:

int account_numbers[] = new int[10];

Arrays can be initialized when they are declaring as given below:

int account_numbers[] = {12,34,56,12,78,98,34};

Other Java Array Examples

Knowledge Centre
Procedural Vs Object-oriented Programs
In procedural program, programming logic follows certain procedures and the instructions are executed one after another. In OOP program, unit of program is object, which is nothing but combination of data and code.

In procedural program, data is exposed to the whole program whereas in OOPs program, it is accessible with in the object and which in turn assures the security of the code.

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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