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Java Data Types

Java is a strongly typed language. Part of java's safety and robustness comes from this fact. You can broadly classify java primitive data types as given below:


Java defines 4 integer types. These include both positive and negative numbers.

Type Size Reference Example
byte 8 bits byte x,y,z;
short 2 bytes short x;
int 4 bytes int num;
long 8 bytes long millise;

Floating point numbers

Floating point numbers are very useful when we are evaluating expressions that require fractional precisions. Java defines 2 types of floating point numbers, they are float, and double.

Type Size Reference Example
float 4 bytes float percentage;
double 8 bytes double distance;


In java we store characters by using char data type. Size of character is 2 bytes.


char a='c';


In java we use boolean for logical values, it can represent either true or false.


boolean isNumber=false;

Next Page: Variables

Knowledge Centre
Procedural Vs Object-oriented Programs
In procedural program, programming logic follows certain procedures and the instructions are executed one after another. In OOP program, unit of program is object, which is nothing but combination of data and code.

In procedural program, data is exposed to the whole program whereas in OOPs program, it is accessible with in the object and which in turn assures the security of the code.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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