## JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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# Program: Implement Binary search in java using divide and conquer technique.

A binary search or half-interval search algorithm finds the position of a specified value (the input "key") within a sorted array. In each step, the algorithm compares the input key value with the key value of the middle element of the array. If the keys match, then a matching element has been found so its index, or position, is returned. Otherwise, if the sought key is less than the middle element's key, then the algorithm repeats its action on the sub-array to the left of the middle element or, if the input key is greater, on the sub-array to the right. If the remaining array to be searched is reduced to zero, then the key cannot be found in the array and a special "Not found" indication is returned.

Every iteration eliminates half of the remaining possibilities. This makes binary searches very efficient - even for large collections.

Binary search requires a sorted collection. Also, binary searching can only be applied to a collection that allows random access (indexing).

Worst case performance: O(log n)

Best case performance: O(1)

 ```package com.java2novice.algos; public class MyBinarySearch { public int binarySearch(int[] inputArr, int key) { int start = 0; int end = inputArr.length - 1; while (start <= end) { int mid = (start + end) / 2; if (key == inputArr[mid]) { return mid; } if (key < inputArr[mid]) { end = mid - 1; } else { start = mid + 1; } } return -1; } public static void main(String[] args) { MyBinarySearch mbs = new MyBinarySearch(); int[] arr = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16}; System.out.println("Key 14's position: "+mbs.binarySearch(arr, 14)); int[] arr1 = {6,34,78,123,432,900}; System.out.println("Key 432's position: "+mbs.binarySearch(arr1, 432)); } } ```

 Output: ```Key 14's position: 6 Key 432's position: 4 ```

#### Java Search Algorithms Examples

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Inner class and Anonymous class
Inner class: classes defined in other classes, including those defined in methods are called inner classes. An inner class can have any accessibility including private.

Anonymous class: Anonymous class is a class defined inside a method without a name and is instantiated and declared in the same place and cannot have explicit constructors.
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 Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle. Privacy Policy | Copyright © 2020 by Nataraja Gootooru. All Rights Reserved.