JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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Java Variables

A variable is a container that holds values that are used in a Java program. In java, all variables must be declared before they are going to be used. The syntax for variable declaration is given below:

type identifier1, identifier2, identifier3;

Here type can be any java primitive datatype or it can be a class or interface. Here identifier is name of the variable.

Example:

int a,b;
char c;
boolean status;

Before using the variable, we need to initialize it. The syntax for initialization is given below:

Example:

a=10;
b=12;
c='a';
status=false;

We can club declaration and initialization into one step as given below:

int a=10,b=12;
char c='a';
boolean status=false;

Next Page: Java Arrays

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When to use LinkedList or ArrayList?
Accessing elements are faster with ArrayList, because it is index based. But accessing is difficult with LinkedList. It is slow access. This is to access any element, you need to navigate through the elements one by one. But insertion and deletion is much faster with LinkedList, because if you know the node, just change the pointers before or after nodes. Insertion and deletion is slow with ArrayList, this is because, during these operations ArrayList need to adjust the indexes according to deletion or insetion if you are performing on middle indexes. Means, an ArrayList having 10 elements, if you are inserting at index 5, then you need to shift the indexes above 5 to one more.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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