JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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Java Finally Block Examples

  • The finally block always executes immediately after try-catch block exits.
  • The finally block is executed incase even if an unexpected exception occurs.
  • The main usage of finally block is to do clean up job. Keeping cleanup code in a finally block is always a good practice, even when no exceptions are occured.
  • The runtime system always executes the code within the finally block regardless of what happens in the try block. So it is the ideal place to keep cleanup code.

Finally Block Sample Code

Code:
package com.myjava.exceptions;

public class MyFinallyBlock {
    public static void main(String[] a){
        /**
         * Exception will occur here, after catch block
         * the contol will goto finally block. 
         */
        try{
            int i = 10/0;
        } catch(Exception ex){
            System.out.println("Inside 1st catch Block");
        } finally {
            System.out.println("Inside 1st finally block");
        }
        /**
         * In this case exception won't, after executing try block
         * the contol will goto finally block. 
         */
        try{
            int i = 10/10;
        } catch(Exception ex){
            System.out.println("Inside 2nd catch Block");
        } finally {
            System.out.println("Inside 2nd finally block");
        }
    }
}

Example Output

Inside 1st catch Block
Inside 1st finally block
Inside 2nd finally block

Other Exception Handling Examples

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When to use LinkedList or ArrayList?
Accessing elements are faster with ArrayList, because it is index based. But accessing is difficult with LinkedList. It is slow access. This is to access any element, you need to navigate through the elements one by one. But insertion and deletion is much faster with LinkedList, because if you know the node, just change the pointers before or after nodes. Insertion and deletion is slow with ArrayList, this is because, during these operations ArrayList need to adjust the indexes according to deletion or insetion if you are performing on middle indexes. Means, an ArrayList having 10 elements, if you are inserting at index 5, then you need to shift the indexes above 5 to one more.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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