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Json based Restful web service with RESTEasy, Jettison and JAXB


In this page you will see support for Json using RESTEasy, Jettison and JAXB APIs. Jettison is a collection of Java APIs which read and write JSON. In this example we will convert Order object to json format.

Here is the pom.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
    			http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>RestfulWebServices</groupId>
	<artifactId>RestfulWebServices</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
	<repositories>
    	<repository>
			<id>jboss</id>
			<url>https://repository.jboss.org/nexus/content/groups/public-jboss/</url>
		</repository>
	</repositories>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.jboss.resteasy</groupId>
			<artifactId>resteasy-jaxb-provider</artifactId>
			<version>2.3.7.Final</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.jboss.resteasy</groupId>
			<artifactId>resteasy-jaxrs</artifactId>
			<version>2.3.7.Final</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.jboss.resteasy</groupId>
			<artifactId>resteasy-jettison-provider</artifactId>
			<version>2.3.7.Final</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>

Web.xml file for your reference:

<web-app id="WebApp_ID" version="2.4"
	xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" 
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee 
	http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">
	    
   <!-- Auto scan REST service -->
	<context-param>
		<param-name>resteasy.scan</param-name>
		<param-value>true</param-value>
	</context-param>
	<listener>
		<listener-class>
			org.jboss.resteasy.plugins.server.servlet.ResteasyBootstrap
		</listener-class>
	</listener>
	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>resteasy-servlet</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>
			org.jboss.resteasy.plugins.server.servlet.HttpServletDispatcher
		</servlet-class>
	</servlet>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>resteasy-servlet</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

Here is our model object:

package com.java2novice.model;

import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAttribute;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlElement;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlRootElement;

@XmlRootElement(name = "order")
public class Order {

	
	private int orderNo;
	private String custmer;
	private String address;
	private String amount;
	
	@XmlAttribute(name = "order-no")
	public int getOrderNo() {
		return orderNo;
	}
	public void setOrderNo(int orderNo) {
		this.orderNo = orderNo;
	}
	
	@XmlElement
	public String getCustmer() {
		return custmer;
	}
	public void setCustmer(String custmer) {
		this.custmer = custmer;
	}
	
	@XmlElement
	public String getAddress() {
		return address;
	}
	public void setAddress(String address) {
		this.address = address;
	}
	
	@XmlElement(name = "bill-amount")
	public String getAmount() {
		return amount;
	}
	public void setAmount(String amount) {
		this.amount = amount;
	}
	
}

If you notice above, we are using xml related annotations. So you need xml to json converter, use @BadgerFish annotation to your service method which converts xml to json fromat. Also remember that our restful web service API returning json, so annotate your service method with @Produces and specify MIME type as application/jon.

package com.java2novice.restful;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.PathParam;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

import org.jboss.resteasy.annotations.providers.jaxb.json.BadgerFish;

import com.java2novice.model.Order;

@Path("/order-inventory")
public class OrderInventoryService {

	@BadgerFish
	@GET
	@Path("/order/{orderId}")
	@Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
	public Order getUserById(@PathParam("orderId") Integer orderId){
		
		Order ord = new Order();
		ord.setOrderNo(orderId);
		ord.setCustmer("Java2Novice");
		ord.setAddress("Bangalore");
		ord.setAmount("$2000");
		return ord;
	}
}

Try below URL to get xml output:

http://localhost:8080/RestfulWebServices/order-inventory/order/1016

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Restful Web Services Examples

  1. Restful web services using RESTEasy hello world example.
  2. Restful web services using Jersey hello world example.
  3. JAX-RS @Path annotation example
  4. JAX-RS @Path annotation with regular expression match example
  5. JAX-RS @PathParam annotation example
  6. JAX-RS @QueryParam and @DefaultValue annotations example
  7. JAX-RS @MatrixParam annotation example
  8. How to read multiple values of a query paramter in JAX-RS restful web services?
  9. How to pass header parameters as method inputs in JAX-RS restful web services?
  10. How to read header parameters in JAX-RS restful web services?
  11. JAX-RS @FormParam annotation example
  12. How to upload file using Jersey restful web services?
  13. How to download file using java restful web services?
  14. XML based Restful web service with RESTEasy and JAXB.
  15. XML based Restful web service with Jersey and JAXB.
  16. Json based Restful web service with RESTEasy, Jettison and JAXB
  17. Json based Restful web service with RESTEasy and Jackson
  18. Json based Restful web service with Jersey and Jackson
  19. How to input json request with Jersey and Jackson?
  20. Java client for restful web service using java.net package
  21. Java client for restful web service using Jersey API
  22. Java restful webservices with HTTP basic authentication.
Knowledge Centre
String Vs StringBuffer
We know that String is immutable object. We can not change the value of a String object once it is initiated. If we try to change the value of the existing String object then it creates new object rather than changing the value of the existing object. So incase, we are going to do more modificatios on String, then use StringBuffer. StringBuffer updates the existing objects value, rather creating new object.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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