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Json based Restful web service with RESTEasy, Jettison and JAXB


In this page you will see support for Json using RESTEasy, Jettison and JAXB APIs. Jettison is a collection of Java APIs which read and write JSON. In this example we will convert Order object to json format.

Here is the pom.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
    			http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>RestfulWebServices</groupId>
	<artifactId>RestfulWebServices</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
	<repositories>
    	<repository>
			<id>jboss</id>
			<url>https://repository.jboss.org/nexus/content/groups/public-jboss/</url>
		</repository>
	</repositories>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.jboss.resteasy</groupId>
			<artifactId>resteasy-jaxb-provider</artifactId>
			<version>2.3.7.Final</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.jboss.resteasy</groupId>
			<artifactId>resteasy-jaxrs</artifactId>
			<version>2.3.7.Final</version>
		</dependency>
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.jboss.resteasy</groupId>
			<artifactId>resteasy-jettison-provider</artifactId>
			<version>2.3.7.Final</version>
		</dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>

Web.xml file for your reference:

<web-app id="WebApp_ID" version="2.4"
	xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" 
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee 
	http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">
	    
   <!-- Auto scan REST service -->
	<context-param>
		<param-name>resteasy.scan</param-name>
		<param-value>true</param-value>
	</context-param>
	<listener>
		<listener-class>
			org.jboss.resteasy.plugins.server.servlet.ResteasyBootstrap
		</listener-class>
	</listener>
	<servlet>
		<servlet-name>resteasy-servlet</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>
			org.jboss.resteasy.plugins.server.servlet.HttpServletDispatcher
		</servlet-class>
	</servlet>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>resteasy-servlet</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

Here is our model object:

package com.java2novice.model;

import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAttribute;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlElement;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlRootElement;

@XmlRootElement(name = "order")
public class Order {

	
	private int orderNo;
	private String custmer;
	private String address;
	private String amount;
	
	@XmlAttribute(name = "order-no")
	public int getOrderNo() {
		return orderNo;
	}
	public void setOrderNo(int orderNo) {
		this.orderNo = orderNo;
	}
	
	@XmlElement
	public String getCustmer() {
		return custmer;
	}
	public void setCustmer(String custmer) {
		this.custmer = custmer;
	}
	
	@XmlElement
	public String getAddress() {
		return address;
	}
	public void setAddress(String address) {
		this.address = address;
	}
	
	@XmlElement(name = "bill-amount")
	public String getAmount() {
		return amount;
	}
	public void setAmount(String amount) {
		this.amount = amount;
	}
	
}

If you notice above, we are using xml related annotations. So you need xml to json converter, use @BadgerFish annotation to your service method which converts xml to json fromat. Also remember that our restful web service API returning json, so annotate your service method with @Produces and specify MIME type as application/jon.

package com.java2novice.restful;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.PathParam;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

import org.jboss.resteasy.annotations.providers.jaxb.json.BadgerFish;

import com.java2novice.model.Order;

@Path("/order-inventory")
public class OrderInventoryService {

	@BadgerFish
	@GET
	@Path("/order/{orderId}")
	@Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_JSON)
	public Order getUserById(@PathParam("orderId") Integer orderId){
		
		Order ord = new Order();
		ord.setOrderNo(orderId);
		ord.setCustmer("Java2Novice");
		ord.setAddress("Bangalore");
		ord.setAmount("$2000");
		return ord;
	}
}

Try below URL to get xml output:

http://localhost:8080/RestfulWebServices/order-inventory/order/1016

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Interface and its usage
Interface is similar to a class which may contain method's signature only but not bodies and it is a formal set of method and constant declarations that must be defined by the class that implements it. Interfaces are useful for declaring methods that one or more classes are expected to implement, capturing similarities between unrelated classes without forcing a class relationship and determining an object's programming interface without revealing the actual body of the class.
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