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XML based Restful web service with Jersey and JAXB.


In this page you will see support for XML using JAXB and Jersey API. JAXB is used for mapping java classes to equivalent xml documents and vice versa. It is done using marshalling and and unmarshalling features of JAXB. In this example we will convert Order object to xml format.

Here is the pom.xml file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" 
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 
    			http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
	<modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>
	<groupId>RestfulWebServices</groupId>
	<artifactId>RestfulWebServices</artifactId>
	<version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
	<packaging>war</packaging>
	<dependencies>
		<dependency>
            <groupId>com.sun.jersey</groupId>
            <artifactId>jersey-server</artifactId>
            <version>1.17</version>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>com.sun.jersey</groupId>
            <artifactId>jersey-servlet</artifactId>
            <version>1.17</version>
        </dependency>
	</dependencies>
</project>

Web.xml file for your reference:

<web-app id="WebApp_ID" version="2.4"
	xmlns="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee" 
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee 
	http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/j2ee/web-app_2_4.xsd">
    <servlet>
		<servlet-name>jersey-serlvet</servlet-name>
		<servlet-class>com.sun.jersey.spi.container.servlet.ServletContainer</servlet-class>
		<init-param>
			<param-name>jersey.config.server.provider.packages</param-name>
			<param-value>com.java2novice.restful</param-value>
		</init-param>
		<load-on-startup>1</load-on-startup>
	</servlet>
	<servlet-mapping>
		<servlet-name>jersey-serlvet</servlet-name>
		<url-pattern>/*</url-pattern>
	</servlet-mapping>
</web-app>

Our model class Order is annotated with required JAXB annoations to support xml transformation:

package com.java2novice.model;

import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlAttribute;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlElement;
import javax.xml.bind.annotation.XmlRootElement;

@XmlRootElement(name = "order")
public class Order {

	
	private int orderNo;
	private String custmer;
	private String address;
	private String amount;
	
	@XmlAttribute(name = "order-no")
	public int getOrderNo() {
		return orderNo;
	}
	public void setOrderNo(int orderNo) {
		this.orderNo = orderNo;
	}
	
	@XmlElement
	public String getCustmer() {
		return custmer;
	}
	public void setCustmer(String custmer) {
		this.custmer = custmer;
	}
	
	@XmlElement
	public String getAddress() {
		return address;
	}
	public void setAddress(String address) {
		this.address = address;
	}
	
	@XmlElement(name = "bill-amount")
	public String getAmount() {
		return amount;
	}
	public void setAmount(String amount) {
		this.amount = amount;
	}
	
}

Note that our restful web service API returning xml, so annotate your service method with @Produces and specify MIME type as application/xml.

package com.java2novice.restful;

import javax.ws.rs.GET;
import javax.ws.rs.Path;
import javax.ws.rs.PathParam;
import javax.ws.rs.Produces;
import javax.ws.rs.core.MediaType;

import com.java2novice.model.Order;

@Path("/order-inventory")
public class OrderInventoryService {

	@GET
	@Path("/order/{orderId}")
	@Produces(MediaType.APPLICATION_XML)
	public Order getUserById(@PathParam("orderId") Integer orderId){
		
		Order ord = new Order();
		ord.setOrderNo(orderId);
		ord.setCustmer("Java2Novice");
		ord.setAddress("Bangalore");
		ord.setAmount("$2000");
		return ord;
	}
}

Try below URL to get xml output:

http://localhost:8080/RestfulWebServices/order-inventory/order/1016

<< Previous Program | Next Program >>

Restful Web Services Examples

  1. Restful web services using RESTEasy hello world example.
  2. Restful web services using Jersey hello world example.
  3. JAX-RS @Path annotation example
  4. JAX-RS @Path annotation with regular expression match example
  5. JAX-RS @PathParam annotation example
  6. JAX-RS @QueryParam and @DefaultValue annotations example
  7. JAX-RS @MatrixParam annotation example
  8. How to read multiple values of a query paramter in JAX-RS restful web services?
  9. How to pass header parameters as method inputs in JAX-RS restful web services?
  10. How to read header parameters in JAX-RS restful web services?
  11. JAX-RS @FormParam annotation example
  12. How to upload file using Jersey restful web services?
  13. How to download file using java restful web services?
  14. XML based Restful web service with RESTEasy and JAXB.
  15. XML based Restful web service with Jersey and JAXB.
  16. Json based Restful web service with RESTEasy, Jettison and JAXB
  17. Json based Restful web service with RESTEasy and Jackson
  18. Json based Restful web service with Jersey and Jackson
  19. How to input json request with Jersey and Jackson?
  20. Java client for restful web service using java.net package
  21. Java client for restful web service using Jersey API
  22. Java restful webservices with HTTP basic authentication.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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