## JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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# Program: HackerRank stack problem - Game Of Two Stacks.

 Problem Description: Problem Reference: Game Of Two Stacks Alexa has two stacks of non-negative integers, stack A and stack B where index 0 denotes the top of the stack. Alexa challenges Nick to play the following game: In each move, Nick can remove one integer from the top of either stack A or stack B. Nick keeps a running sum of the integers he removes from the two stacks. Nick is disqualified from the game if, at any point, his running sum becomes greater than some integer x given at the beginning of the game. Nick's final score is the total number of integers he has removed from the two stacks. Given A, B, and x for g games, find the maximum possible score Nick can achieve (i.e., the maximum number of integers he can remove without being disqualified) during each game and print it on a new line. Input Format The first line contains an integer, g (the number of games). The 3 . g subsequent lines describe each game in the following format: The first line contains three space-separated integers describing the respective values of n (the number of integers in stack A), m (the number of integers in stack B), and x (the number that the sum of the integers removed from the two stacks cannot exceed). The second line contains n space-separated integers for Stack A. The third line contains n space-separated integers for Stack B. Output Format For each of the g games, print an integer on a new line denoting the maximum possible score Nick can achieve without being disqualified. Sample Input ```1 5 4 10 4 2 4 6 1 2 1 8 5``` Sample Output `4` Explanation The two stacks initially look like this: The image below depicts the integers Nick should choose to remove from the stacks. We print 4 as our answer, because that is the maximum number of integers that can be removed from the two stacks without the sum exceeding x = 10. (There can be multiple ways to remove the integers from the stack, the image shows just one of them.) Our Approach The key point is that the order how each element is selected does not matter, which makes things complicated. But if we consider through the final result, we should know that the problem is equals to that, to choose the maximum number of elements from each stack so that them sum is no greater than x. The finally selected elements come from either both stacks, either all from one stack. So let's start with assuption that all from stack B. Then everthing time try adding one element from A, if the total sum is greater than x, then we should reduce elements we took from B until the sum is no more than x which will form a valid way of selection. Keep trying until no more elements can be taken from A or B. We just need to keep track of the maximum number of total elements selected.

 GameOfTwoStacks ```package com.java2novice.algos; import java.util.Scanner; public class GameOfTwoStacks { static int twoStacks(int x, int[] a, int[] b) { int a_index = 0; int b_index = 0; int count = 0; int sum = 0; // move b_index to the position where if only take elements from B, last element it can take while (b_index < b.length && sum + b[b_index] <= x) { sum += b[b_index]; b_index++; } // loop exits only when b_index reaches end or sum > x; in both case b_index should decrease b_index--; count = b_index + 1; while (a_index < a.length && b_index < b.length) { sum += a[a_index]; if (sum > x) { while (b_index >= 0) { sum -= b[b_index]; b_index--; if (sum <= x) break; } // if even no elements taken from B, but still sum greater than x, then a[a_index] should not be chosen // and loop terminates if (sum > x && b_index < 0) { a_index--; break; } } count = Math.max(a_index + b_index + 2, count); a_index++; } return count; } private static final Scanner scanner = new Scanner(System.in); public static void main(String[] args) { int g = Integer.parseInt(scanner.nextLine().trim()); for (int gItr = 0; gItr < g; gItr++) { String[] nmx = scanner.nextLine().split(" "); int n = Integer.parseInt(nmx[0].trim()); int m = Integer.parseInt(nmx[1].trim()); int x = Integer.parseInt(nmx[2].trim()); int[] a = new int[n]; String[] aItems = scanner.nextLine().split(" "); for (int aItr = 0; aItr < n; aItr++) { int aItem = Integer.parseInt(aItems[aItr].trim()); a[aItr] = aItem; } int[] b = new int[m]; String[] bItems = scanner.nextLine().split(" "); for (int bItr = 0; bItr < m; bItr++) { int bItem = Integer.parseInt(bItems[bItr].trim()); b[bItr] = bItem; } int result = twoStacks(x, a, b); System.out.println(result); } } } ```

 Output: ```1 5 4 10 4 2 4 6 1 2 1 8 5 4 ```

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Difference between Enumeration and Iterator
The functionality of Enumeration and the Iterator are same. You can get remove() from Iterator to remove an element, while while Enumeration does not have remove() method. Using Enumeration you can only traverse and fetch the objects, where as using Iterator we can also add and remove the objects. So Iterator can be useful if you want to manipulate the list and Enumeration is for read-only access.
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