## JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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# Program: Implement Binary search in java using divide and conquer technique.

A binary search or half-interval search algorithm finds the position of a specified value (the input "key") within a sorted array. In each step, the algorithm compares the input key value with the key value of the middle element of the array. If the keys match, then a matching element has been found so its index, or position, is returned. Otherwise, if the sought key is less than the middle element's key, then the algorithm repeats its action on the sub-array to the left of the middle element or, if the input key is greater, on the sub-array to the right. If the remaining array to be searched is reduced to zero, then the key cannot be found in the array and a special "Not found" indication is returned.

Every iteration eliminates half of the remaining possibilities. This makes binary searches very efficient - even for large collections.

Binary search requires a sorted collection. Also, binary searching can only be applied to a collection that allows random access (indexing).

Worst case performance: O(log n)

Best case performance: O(1)

 ```package com.java2novice.algos; public class MyBinarySearch { public int binarySearch(int[] inputArr, int key) { int start = 0; int end = inputArr.length - 1; while (start <= end) { int mid = (start + end) / 2; if (key == inputArr[mid]) { return mid; } if (key < inputArr[mid]) { end = mid - 1; } else { start = mid + 1; } } return -1; } public static void main(String[] args) { MyBinarySearch mbs = new MyBinarySearch(); int[] arr = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16}; System.out.println("Key 14's position: "+mbs.binarySearch(arr, 14)); int[] arr1 = {6,34,78,123,432,900}; System.out.println("Key 432's position: "+mbs.binarySearch(arr1, 432)); } } ```

 Output: ```Key 14's position: 6 Key 432's position: 4 ```

#### Java Search Algorithms Examples

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When to use LinkedList or ArrayList?
Accessing elements are faster with ArrayList, because it is index based. But accessing is difficult with LinkedList. It is slow access. This is to access any element, you need to navigate through the elements one by one. But insertion and deletion is much faster with LinkedList, because if you know the node, just change the pointers before or after nodes. Insertion and deletion is slow with ArrayList, this is because, during these operations ArrayList need to adjust the indexes according to deletion or insetion if you are performing on middle indexes. Means, an ArrayList having 10 elements, if you are inserting at index 5, then you need to shift the indexes above 5 to one more.
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 Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle. Privacy Policy | Copyright © 2020 by Nataraja Gootooru. All Rights Reserved.