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Java 8 - forEach method example with Map


forEach is a new method introduced in Java 8 to iterate over collections. Here is an example on forEach method to iterate over Map.

package com.java2novice.java8;

import java.util.HashMap;
import java.util.Map;
import java.util.Map.Entry;

public class ForEachMapEx {

	public static void main(String a[]) {

		Map<String, String> countryMap = new HashMap<>();
		countryMap.put("India", "Delhi");
		countryMap.put("USA", "Washington, D.C.");
		countryMap.put("Japan", "Tokyo");
		countryMap.put("Canada", "Ottawa");

		// iterate through Map normal way
		ForEachMapEx.iterateMap(countryMap);

		// iterate through Map using forEach method
		ForEachMapEx.iterateMapUsingForEach(countryMap);
	}

	public static void iterateMap(Map<String, String> countryMap) {

		System.out.println("<----------Iterating in normal way------------->");
		for(Entry<String, String> entry:countryMap.entrySet()) {
			System.out.println("Country: "+entry.getKey()+" : Capital: "+entry.getValue());
		}
	}

	public static void iterateMapUsingForEach(Map<String, String> countryMap) {

		System.out.println("\n<----------Iterating using forEach method------------>");
		countryMap.forEach((k,v)->System.out.println("Country: "+k+" : Capital: "+v));

		countryMap.forEach((k,v)->{
			// you can implement some business logic here..



		});
	}
}

Output:
<----------Iterating in normal way------------->
Country: Canada : Capital: Ottawa
Country: USA : Capital: Washington, D.C.
Country: Japan : Capital: Tokyo
Country: India : Capital: Delhi

<----------Iterating using forEach method------------>
Country: Canada : Capital: Ottawa
Country: USA : Capital: Washington, D.C.
Country: Japan : Capital: Tokyo
Country: India : Capital: Delhi
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Java 8 forEach method examples

  1. Java 8 forEach example with Map
  2. Java 8 forEach example with List
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What is wrapper class?
Everything in java is an object, except primitives. Primitives are int, short, long, boolean, etc. Since they are not objects, they cannot return as objects, and collection of objects. To support this, java provides wrapper classes to move primitives to objects. Some of the wrapper classes are Integer, Long, Boolean, etc.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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