JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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How to Create Java Custom Exception

Sometimes it is required to develop meaningful exceptions based on application requirements. We can create our own exceptions by extending 'Exception' class. Below example shows how to create custom exception by extending Exception class.

Java Custom Exception Sample Code

Code:
package com.myjava.exceptions;

public class MyOwnException {
    public static void main(String[] a){
        try{
            MyOwnException.myTest(null);
        } catch(MyAppException mae){
            System.out.println("Inside catch block: "+mae.getMessage());
        }
    }
    
    static void myTest(String str) throws MyAppException{
        if(str == null){
            throw new MyAppException("String val is null");
        }
    }
}

class MyAppException extends Exception {

	private String message = null;

	public MyAppException() {
		super();
	}

	public MyAppException(String message) {
		super(message);
		this.message = message;
	}

	public MyAppException(Throwable cause) {
		super(cause);
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return message;
	}

	@Override
	public String getMessage() {
		return message;
	}
}

Example Output

Inside catch block: String val is null

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Other Exception Handling Examples

Knowledge Center
Pass by value Vs Pass by reference
Pass by value: Passing a copy of the value, not the original reference.

Pass by reference: Passsing the address of the object, so that you can access the original object.

About Author

My name is Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me at java2novice@gmail.com or you can comment on the page.

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 6 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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