JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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Program: How to access top level class variables from static member classes?


Description:
Since static code does not have a this reference, you can not access
instance variable of a top level class. You can only access static
members of a top level class.

Code:
package com.java2novice.nested.classes;

public class MyStatMemClassAcsVars {
	
	public static String staticVar = "You can access me!!!";
	private String privVar = "You cannot access me";
	
	public static class ChildClass{
		
		public void myMethod(){
			//you can access all static members of 
			//top level class
			System.out.println(staticVar);
			//you cannot access instance members of
			//top level class
			//below line gives compile error
			//System.out.println(privVar);
		}
	}
	
	public static void main(String a[]){
		MyStatMemClassAcsVars.ChildClass cc = new MyStatMemClassAcsVars.ChildClass();
		cc.myMethod();
	}
}

Output:
You can access me!!!
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Java Nested Classes Sample Code Examples

  1. How to initialise or call a static member class?
  2. How to implement a static member interface?
  3. How to access top level class variables from static member classes?
  4. Give an example of basic non-static member class.
  5. How to initialise non-static member (local class) class?
Knowledge Centre
Procedural Vs Object-oriented Programs
In procedural program, programming logic follows certain procedures and the instructions are executed one after another. In OOP program, unit of program is object, which is nothing but combination of data and code.

In procedural program, data is exposed to the whole program whereas in OOPs program, it is accessible with in the object and which in turn assures the security of the code.
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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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