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How to get annotations at runtime using java reflection?


Description:

  • Incase if any annotation is specifies its retention policy as RUNTIME, then those annotations can be queried at runtime by any java program.
  • Below example code shows how to query an annotation values during runtime using java reflection.


Code:
package com.java2novice.annotations;

import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@interface MyAnnotation{
	
	String key();
	String value();
}

public class MyAnnotationTest {

	@MyAnnotation(key="site", value="java2novice.com")
	public void myAnnotationTestMethod(){
		
		try {
			Class<? extends MyAnnotationTest> cls = this.getClass();
			Method mth = cls.getMethod("myAnnotationTestMethod");
			MyAnnotation myAnno = mth.getAnnotation(MyAnnotation.class);
			System.out.println("key: "+myAnno.key());
			System.out.println("value: "+myAnno.value());
		} catch (SecurityException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
	
	public static void main(String a[]){
		
		MyAnnotationTest mat = new MyAnnotationTest();
		mat.myAnnotationTestMethod();
	}
}

Output:
key: site
value: java2novice.com
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Knowledge Centre
Default value of a local variables?
The local variables are not initialized to any default values. We should not use local variables with out initialization. Even the java compiler throws error.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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