JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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How to get all annotations from a class?


Description:

  • Incase if any annotation is specifies its retention policy as RUNTIME, then those annotations can be queried at runtime by any java program.
  • Below example code shows how to query all given annotations at runtime.


Code:
package com.java2novice.annotations;

import java.lang.annotation.Annotation;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;


@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@interface MyAnnoOne{
	
	String key();
	String value();
}

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@interface MyAnnoTwo{
	
	int count();
}

public class MyMultipleAnns {

	@MyAnnoTwo(count=20)
	@MyAnnoOne(key="site", value="java2novice.com")
	public void myAnnotationTestMethod(){
		
		try {
			Class<? extends MyMultipleAnns> cls = this.getClass();
			Method mth = cls.getMethod("myAnnotationTestMethod");
			Annotation[] anns = mth.getAnnotations();
			for(Annotation an:anns){
				System.out.println(an);
			}
		} catch (SecurityException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
	
	public static void main(String a[]){
		
		MyMultipleAnns mat = new MyMultipleAnns();
		mat.myAnnotationTestMethod();
	}
}

Output:
@com.java2novice.annotations.MyAnnoTwo(count=20)
@com.java2novice.annotations.MyAnnoOne(key=site, value=java2novice.com)
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  2. What is Retention policy in java annotations?
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  6. What is marker annotation and how to process it at runtime?
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  8. Built-in Java Annotations: @Override example
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  10. What is single member annotation and how to process it?
Knowledge Centre
Different types of Access Modifiers
public: Any thing declared as public can be accessed from anywhere.

private: Any thing declared as private can't be seen outside of its class.

protected: Any thing declared as protected can be accessed by classes in the same package and subclasses in the other packages.

default modifier: Can be accessed only to classes in the same package.
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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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