JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

JAVA EXAMPLE PROGRAMS

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How to get all annotations from a class?


Description:

  • Incase if any annotation is specifies its retention policy as RUNTIME, then those annotations can be queried at runtime by any java program.
  • Below example code shows how to query all given annotations at runtime.


Code:
package com.java2novice.annotations;

import java.lang.annotation.Annotation;
import java.lang.annotation.Retention;
import java.lang.annotation.RetentionPolicy;
import java.lang.reflect.Method;


@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@interface MyAnnoOne{
	
	String key();
	String value();
}

@Retention(RetentionPolicy.RUNTIME)
@interface MyAnnoTwo{
	
	int count();
}

public class MyMultipleAnns {

	@MyAnnoTwo(count=20)
	@MyAnnoOne(key="site", value="java2novice.com")
	public void myAnnotationTestMethod(){
		
		try {
			Class<? extends MyMultipleAnns> cls = this.getClass();
			Method mth = cls.getMethod("myAnnotationTestMethod");
			Annotation[] anns = mth.getAnnotations();
			for(Annotation an:anns){
				System.out.println(an);
			}
		} catch (SecurityException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		} catch (NoSuchMethodException e) {
			// TODO Auto-generated catch block
			e.printStackTrace();
		}
	}
	
	public static void main(String a[]){
		
		MyMultipleAnns mat = new MyMultipleAnns();
		mat.myAnnotationTestMethod();
	}
}

Output:
@com.java2novice.annotations.MyAnnoTwo(count=20)
@com.java2novice.annotations.MyAnnoOne(key=site, value=java2novice.com)
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Knowledge Centre
Stream and types of Streams
A Stream is an abstraction that either produces or consumes information. There are two types of Streams and they are:

Byte Streams: Provide a convenient means for handling input and output of bytes. Byte Streams classes are defined by using two abstract classes, namely InputStream and OutputStream.

Character Streams: Provide a convenient means for handling input & output of characters. Character Streams classes are defined by using two abstract classes, namely Reader and Writer.
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About Author

I'm Nataraja Gootooru, programmer by profession and passionate about technologies. All examples given here are as simple as possible to help beginners. The source code is compiled and tested in my dev environment.

If you come across any mistakes or bugs, please email me to [email protected].

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Reference: Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 7 - API Specification | Java™ Platform Standard Ed. 8 - API Specification | Java is registered trademark of Oracle.
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